Joint Implementation Network has participated in the following climate policy projects:
APRAISE is a 3 years EU Framework Program 7 funded project led by JIN with ten institutes. The EU has formulated ambitious environmental policy targets in a variety of sectors aimed at forming the basis for a sustainable European growth with increasing prosperity and reduced pressure on natural resources and the environment.In addition, the focus on interrelationships and tradeoffs at each policy level on different scales of observation is of crucial importance when designing efficient policy mixes that can lead Europe to more significant sustainable pathways. In the above framework, APRAISE can offer European and national policy makers a more holistic understanding of the interaction of different policies so that efficient policies can be formulated. APRAISE is expected provide policy makers with an improved understanding of:a) the efficiency, effectiveness and efficacy of existing and potentially new environmental policies, b) how these policies could interact, and c) what could be the impact of such policy interactions on achieving social, environmental and economic goals at both the European and Member State level.
Commissioned by : European Commission
More on the ARPAISE project and its deliverables can be found here
On 16 October of this year, a group of 15 leading environmental and development cooperation organisations launched the Green Growth Best Practice Initiative (GGBP). The initiative is designed to help governments strengthen the quality of green growth planning and implementation. The starting point for GGBP is that in numerous industrialised and developing countries, green- and low-emission growth plans are being developed to address the challenges that societies face due to human-induced climate change, environmental degradation and resource scarcity. These green growth plans allow governments, businesses, and communities to achieve long-term social and economic goals through a transformation to resource efficient and sustainable systems
Commissioned by: Global Green Growth Institute, Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, Climate and Development Knowledge Network, European Climate Foundation
At its seventh session, held in Marrakech (Morocco) in 2001, the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP) encouraged developing countries to conduct assessments of their technology needs for climate change mitigation and adaptation and sustainable development. In order to help countries in this work, a handbook for technology needs assessments (TNA handbook) was prepared. In 2007, at its thirteenth session, the COP underlined the importance of TNAs and requested UNDP to update the TNA handbook.
Building on lessons from earlier TNA efforts, the updated Technology Needs Assessments (TNA) Handbook offers a systematic approach for conducting TNA in order to identify, evaluate and prioritize mitigation and adaptation technologies. It also provides processes and methodologies to optimise frameworks and capacities by minimising gaps as well as formulating national action plans to overcome barriers, as part of an overall climate change strategy.
In order to make the process of conducting a technology needs assessment easier and more practical, and to help facilitate informed decision making processes in an intuitively easy-to-follow manner, two main supporting tools have been developed:
Commissioned by : United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
The objective of the paper “Enhancing implementation of TNA results” is to explore the possible role of technology needs assessments (TNAs) in supporting developing countries’ pathways for mitigation and adaptation, and the possible relationships between the TNA process and other national and international climate policy making processes.
Commissioned by: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
The objective of the paper “Interlinkages between technology needs assessments and national and international climate policy making processes” is to explore the possible role of technology needs assessments (TNAs) in supporting developing countries’ pathways for mitigation and adaptation, and the possible relationships between the TNA process and other national and international climate policy making processes. The paper further explores the possible interlinkages between the TNA process and the Technology Mechanism.
Commissioned by: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
This project involved a status review of the Bio Methanol Chemie Nederland (BioMCN) installation for the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) during Phase I, II and III. The main focus was to explore the status and issues for the installation for the EU ETS Phase III trading period, related to Carbon Leakage, Benchmark allocation, etc. in order to prepare for participation of the installation during 2012-2020.
Commissioned by: Bio Methanol Chemie Nederland (Bio MCN)
This project provided a conceptual basis for the potential of Domestic Offsets (or Domestic Joint Implementation) in the Netherlands in relation with the European Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS). The report (in Dutch) includes financial impact analysis of the potential CO2-credits generated for a couple of bio-energy simulation projects.
Commissioned by: Foundation Energy Valley
This project focused on the potential design of Domestic Offsets and its potential scope as a policy instruments within non EU ETS sectors. The report (in Dutch) included policy and policy design recommendations for a possible post-2012 Domestic Offset Scheme in the Netherlands.
Commissioned by: The Netherlands Ministry of Environment & Foundation Energy Valley
This report involved a strategy report to explore the potential (future) contribution of the various carbon markets for Sunoil Biodiesel – a producer and supplier of second generation biodiesel – to the biodiesel business case.
Commissioned by: Sunoil Biodiesel
This report involved a strategy report to explore the potential (future) contribution of the various carbon markets for Oosterhof Holman – a technology developer/supplier of biomass digester installations – to the generic business case of bio-digesters in the Netherlands.
Commissioned by: Oosterhof Holman BioEnergy B.V.
This report involved a detailed Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) simulation study for a portfolio of biomass digesters in the Netherlands aiming to produce biogas that is upgraded to natural gas quality standards. The second section of the report explored options for marketing the CO2-eq. savings either via the a number of different sales channels, EU ETS, Domestic Offsets or voluntary CO2-market.
Commissioned by: Foundation Energy Valley
This report involved a detailed Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) simulation study for a waste-to-energy (fluidized bed pyrolysis) project in the Netherlands aiming to produce synthetic fuels, heat and electricity.
Commissioned by: Multi Purpose Industries (MPI)
The JIN team participated in the Pro-EcoAsia project on “establishing an EU-Asian dialogue on the CDM: capacity building and identification of project opportunities” (May 2004 – May 2006). This study evaluates the CDM potential in Cambodia, Lao PDR and Vietnam by focusing not only on the absolute GHG abatement value of these countries. Rather, the potential of CDM inflows into the three countries will be identified through assessing the comparative CDM endowment on the basis of an holistic analysis of each country, thereby highlight the relative positions of Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam in the global CDM market.
Commissioned by: European Commission, Pro-ECO Asia programme
“The Potential of Transferring and Implementing Sustainable Energy Technologies through the Clean Development Mechanism” (acronym: ENTTRANS), has been carried out during 2006-2007 as a Specific Support for Policies Action under the EU 6th Framework Programme (contract: ENTTRANS SSA-022673). Foundation JIN was the research coordinator for ENTTRANS. The objective of ENTTRANS was to analyse how transfer of sustainable energy technologies to developing countries could be supported through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol. ENTTRANS resulted in a method which takes a developing country’s energy service needs as a starting point for exploring technology needs. Technology prioritisation would take place on the basis on several criteria, including contribution to the country’s sustainable development and to climate change mitigation. These technologies could subsequently be considered as potential CDM projects. The ENTTRANS process was conducted in five potential CDM host countries: Chile, China, Israel, Kenya and Thailand.
Commissioned by: European Commission, Sixth Framework Programme.
ENTTRANS Final Report: Converting from a theoretical concept to practical action
Here you can download the final synthesis report of the ENTTRANS project
Sustainable, Low Carbon Technologies for potential use under the CDM
Here you can download the Description of the Environmental, Economic and Energy aspects of the selected low carbon technologies
The JIN team participated in the EU Fifth Framework Program SYNERGY project “Business Opportunities for CDM Project Development in the Mediterranean” (May 2003 – May 2005).
The goal of the project ‘’Business Opportunities for CDM Project Development in the Mediterranean’’ was to contribute to the effective application of the Kyoto Protocol in the Mediterranean, through the creation of a favourable environment for the implementation of CDM projects in the region. In addition, the special focus of this project was the identification of appropriate projects in the Mediterranean region, achieving the double-aim of the CDM: a) To reduce the costs of curtailing GHG emissions by providing incentives to industrialized countries to invest in clean energy technologies and energy efficiency in developing countries; b) To enhance the efforts of the developing countries to achieve sustainable development.
Commissioned by: European Commission, SYNERGY Programme.
In December 2002 the European research project Procedures for Accounting and Baselines for JI and CDM projects (PROBASE) was completed. PROBASE was funded by the European Commission under the Fifth Framework Programme and its main objective was to provide recommendations to policy makers on how to operationalise baseline determination for JI and CDM projects. As a basis for its research, PROBASE identified the following steps to be taken in the GHG accounting process of JI and CDM projects: a) Determine the system boundary within which the project activity takes place and which comprise those emission sources that are significant and measurable and under the control of project participants, b) Describe what emissions would have taken place within the system boundary if the JI/CDM project had not taken place, i.e. determining a baseline scenario and consequently additionality, c) Identify possible knock-on effects of the project on factors outside the project boundary, which may (partly) offset the GHG emission reduction achieved within the system boundary and are therefore often referred to as leakage, d) Identify types of uncertainty that are related to the process of calculating GHG emission reduction and identify safeguards to reduce these uncertainties.
Commissioned by: European Commission, Fifth Framework Programme.
You can download here a summary of the PROBASE project
Standardizing baselines for heat and power sectors and simplified baselines for developing countries
Accounting and uncertainty assessment
Capacity implications and multi-project baselines
Web-based Smart Emissions Reduction Estimation Manual
Additionality Assessment in Project Case Studies
Accounting packages for GHG emission reductions applied to Project Case Studies
Here you can download the Final Report of the PROBASE research
ECPI Decision Support Tool is currently being developed in order to provide a tool for policymakers and policy relevant stakeholders, when they face the dilemma of selecting policy instruments for specific targets. Focused on climate and energy policy instruments, ECPI can serve as an ex-ante policy analysis instrument that is adapted according to the users preferences.
You can access the webpage and download the decisions support tool and relevant reports here
This project consisted of a portfolio of hydropower projects in Romania which have been bundled as one JI Track I project. This was the first Track I project which the Romanian National Climate Change Committee approved, in February 2009. The project’s GHG emission reductions are calculated, also for the first time, using verified greenhouse gas emission data for Romanian electricity production installations under the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). In the baseline calculations these data are used for identifying capacity which could possibly be replaced by the JI project.
Commissioned by: Romanian hydropower producer Hidroelectrica and Netherlands government agency SenterNovem (now Agentschap NL).
This project consists of four landfill sites in the Slovak Republic that aim to flare the methane contained in the landfill gas (LFG). This project was submitted already in 2002 as a project considering JI under the Netherlands ERUPT tender program. After it became clear that the Slovak Republic only allowed for Track II type JI projects this PDD had to be written in accordance with JISC standards, relevant protocols and procedures.
Commissioned by: Terrasystems s.r.o. / BKB Reststoffen Management B.V.
In order for Thailand to fully explore the new market opportunity of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and the Linking Directive, high-level institutional consultative meeting is a prerequisite. This project organised stakeholder involvement in different sectors in Thailand for exploring potential resources for Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects in the country and identifying potential projects. The project advised the Thai government on efficient CDM procedures and how it could play a pro-active role in CDM project identification and development, as well as project risk management, so that Thai CDM projects become both attractive for EU investors and deliver a strong contribution to sustainable development in Thailand.
Commissioned by: European Commission, Small Projects Facility Program to Promote Unilateral CDM Projects in Thailand.